Password Spraying with DoxyCannon

April 16, 2018 by Alex Flores

Password sprays are here to stay. It’s probably a good idea to configure some clever WAF rules, implement captcha systems, and set up additional alerting. But once implemented, how do you test and tune your protective measures?

Enter DoxyCannon

DoxyCannon’s name borrows from ProxyCannon, a script that instantiates cloud infrastructure through which one can proxy requests. Unlike ProxyCannon, DoxyCannon gives you the same functionality without needing to rely on cloud providers. Everything is local. DoxyCannon will use Docker and a collection of OpenVPN config files to create local proxies on localhost. In combination with tools like proxychains or DoxyCannon’s own DoxyProxy, you can shuffle through local proxies for each request, masking the true IP of the attacking machine.

Let’s see what this looks like on the receiving end. First, let’s set up DoxyCannon.

git clone
cd doxycannon

We’re going to using Private Internet Access as our VPN provider.

unzip -d VPN

# Remove whitespace from the ovpn file names
find . -name *ovpn | rename 's/ /_/g'

# Append `auth.txt` to the `user-pass-auth` directive
sed -i 's/pass/pass auth.txt/' VPN/*.ovpn

# Create your auth.txt file
echo "${PIA_USER}\n${PIA_PASS}" > VPN/auth.txt

Once everything’s been set up, you can build the image and bring up your PIA containers.

At this point, DoxyCannon has dynamically created a proxychains.conf file for you in the root of the project directory:

# proxychains.conf
# ------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This file is automatically generated by doxycannon. If you need changes,
# make them to the template string in
remote_dns_subnet 224
tcp_read_time_out 15000
tcp_connect_time_out 8000

socks5 5000
socks5 5001
socks5 5002
socks5 5003
socks5 5042
socks5 5043

If you’re using a console application for your spray, you’re ready to go: 003.jpg

Here’s what our web server access logs look like: 004.jpg

With the --single flag, DoxyCannon also has the ability to create a proxy rotator that provides a single port at which one can point GUI applications.

# Start DoxyProxy
❯❯ ./ --single
[+] Writing HAProxy configuration
[*] Image doxyproxy built.
[*] Staring single-port mode...
[*] Proxy rotator listening on port 1337. Ctrl-c to quit

While DoxyProxy is running, applications like Burp Suite can be configured to use port 1337. DoxyProxy is just another docker container. It runs HAProxy in a layer 4, round-robin configuration and binds to the host network.

005.jpg 006.jpg 007.jpg

I’m still adding features to DoxyProxy. Coming up will be the ability to control remote docker hosts using the official docker sdk.